Nic Gill

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Research supervisor AUT, Head Strength & Conditioning Coach - All Blacks, New Zealand Rugby Union

Phone: +64 274 888 699

Email: nicholas.gill@nzrugby.co.nz

Qualifications

Doctor of Philosophy (PhD) - 1997-2001 Southern Cross University, Australia

Certificate in Adult Learning and Teaching - 2001 Waikato Institute of Technology

Bachelor of Physical Education (1st Class Honours) - 1993-1996 University of Otago, New Zealand

Memberships and Affiliations

Member of the Sports Performance Research Institute New Zealand (SPRINZ)

Member of the Welsh Elite Performance Sport Innovation Network (WEPSIN)

Biography

Auckland University of Technology
2014-present  Associate Professor (0.2 FTE)
2011-2013       Senior Research Fellow (0.2 FTE)
2007-2011      Research Fellow (0.2 FTE)

New Zealand Rugby Union
All Blacks
2008-2014:     Head Strength and Conditioning Coach (0.8 FTE, 86% win percentage, 91/105 Tests)
    
New Zealand Rugby Union
All Blacks
2004-2005:     Assistant Strength and Conditioning Coach (82% win percentage)

Junior All Blacks (New Zealand Rugby Union)
2005 - 2007:  Strength and Conditioning Coach (unbeaten in 3 years)
                          Winners of Pacific Nations Cup 2006, 2007 (Tonga, Japan, Samoa, Fiji,
                          Australia A)

High Performance Unit
2005-2007:     Employed as Research Advisor & Consultant (2005-2007)

Chiefs Super Rugby Franchise
2004-2008:     Chiefs Super 12/14 Strength and Conditioning Coach

Waikato Rugby Union 
2006:              Director of Sport Science & Conditioning
                         Oversee Medical Team and Training Staff
2001-2005:    Waikato NPC Strength & Conditioning Coach (5 campaigns)   
2002               NPC Final & 2003/2004 NPC Semi-Final
2003:              Waikato Rugby Academy Manager

New Zealand Academy of Sport
2001-2008  Strength & Conditioning Coach
                      Rowing New Zealand Olympic Team: Strength & Power Coach for elite
                      men’s squad (6 hrs wk). This group consisted of the current Mens Coxless   
                      Four World Champions 2007, Mahe Drysdale 2005, 2006, 2007 Individual
                      Single Skull World Champion, 2006 World Champion Pair.

Research Areas

  • Recovery Strategies: Current focus is on hydrotherapy and Electrotherapy

  • Hormonal changes associated with training, performance and recovery: Methods of manipulating hormonal profiles and the possible effects of such manipulation

  • Adaptations to Training: Acute and chronic adaptations to strength and power training

Research Summary

Nic’s research primarily focuses on 1) improving sports performance through strength, power and conditioning methods, and 2) understanding physiological adaptations and recovery methods. Nic has published over 50 peer-reviewed journal articles and continues to apply all his research at the coalface with the All Blacks.    

Current Research Projects

  • Electrotherapy, Recovery and Adaptation

  • Methods of enhancing strength and power expression and adaptation

  • Strength and Power in Rugby Union – monitoring and interventions

Publications

Refereed Journal Articles

  • McMaster D.T., Gill N., Cronin J., McGuigan M. (2014). A brief review of strength and ballistic assessment methodologies in sport. Sports Medicine. Online Feb 10.1007/s40279-014-0145-2.

  • Ross A., Gill N., & Cronin J. (2014). Match analysis and player characteristics in rugby sevens.  Sports Medicine. 44(3), 357-367.

  • Quarrie K.L., Hopkins W., Anthony M.J., & Gill N.  (2013). Positional demands of international rugby union: Evaluation of player actions and movements.  Journal of Science and Medicine in Sport. 16(4), 353-359.

  • Smart D.J, Hopkins W.G., & Gill N.D. (2013). Differences and changes in the physical characteristics of professional and amateur rugby union players.  Journal of Strength & Conditioning Research.  27(11), 3033-3044.

  • McMaster D.T., Gill N., McGuigan M., & Cronin J. (2013). Effects of complex strength and ballistic training on maximum strength, sprint ability and force-velocity-power profiles of semi-professional rugby union players. Journal of Australian Strength and Conditioning. 21(4), 5-13.

  • McGuigan M., Cormack S.J., & Gill N.D. (2013). Strength and power profiling of athletes: selecting tests and how to use the information for program design. Strength and Conditioning Journal. 35(6), 7-14.

  • Beaven C.M., Cook C.J., Kilduff L., Drawer S., & Gill N. (2013).  Intermittent lower-limb occlusion enhances recovery after strenuous exercise. Applied Physiology, Nutrition, and Metabolism. 37(6), 1132-1139.

  • Beaven C.M., Cook C., Gray D., Downes P., Murphy I., & Gill N. (2013). Electrostimulation's enhancement of recovery during a rugby preseason. International Journal of Sports Physiology and Performance. 8(1), 92-98.

  • McMaster, T., Gill, N., Cronin, J.B. and McGuigan, M.R. (2013). Is wireless accelerometry a viable measurement system for assessing vertical jump performance? Sports Biomechanics.  [Epub ahead of print].

  • McMaster D.T., Gill N., Cronin J., & McGuigan M. (2013). The development, retention and decay rates of strength and power in elite rugby union, rugby league and american football. Sports Medicine. 43(5), 367-384.

  • Argus C.K., Gill N.D., Keogh J.W.L., McGuigan M.R., & Hopkins W.G. (2012). Effects of two contrast training programs on jump performance in rugby union players during a competition phase. International Journal of Sports Physiology & Performance. 7(1), 68-75.

  • Argus C.K., Gill N.D., & Keogh J.W.L. (2012). Characterization of the differences in strength and power between different levels of competition in rugby union athletes. Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research. 26(10), 2698-2704.

  • Taylor, K., Chapman, D.W., Gill, N., Newton, M., Cronin, J.B. (2012). Fatigue monitoring in high performance sport: A survey of current trends. Journal of Australian Strength and Conditioning. 20(1), 12-23.

  • Argus C.K., Gill N.D., & Keogh J.W.  (2012). Characterisation of the differences in strength and power between different levels of competition in rugby union athletes.  Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research. 26(10), 2698-2704.

  • Smart D., Hopkins W.G., Quarrie K.L., Gill N. (2011). The relationship between physical fitness and game behaviours in rugby union players.  European Journal of Sport Science. 14(S1), S8-S17.

  • Crewther, BT, Cook, CJ, Lowe, TE, Weatherby, RP, and Gill, N. (2011). The effects of short-cycle sprints on power, strength, and salivary hormones in elite rugby players. Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research. 25(1): 32-39.

  • Beaven, C.M., Gill, N.D., Ingram, J.R., & Hopkins, W.G. (2011). Acute salivary hormone responses to complex exercise bouts. Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research. 25(4), 1072-1078.

  • Argus C.K., Gill N.D., Keogh J.W.L., & Hopkins W.G. (2011). Assessing lower-body peak power in elite Rugby union players. Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research. 25, 1616-1621.

  • Argus, C.K., Gill, N.D., Keogh, J.W.L., Blazevich, A.J., & Hopkins, W.J. (2011). Kinetic and training comparisons between assisted, resisted, and free countermovement jumps. Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research. 25(8), 2219-2227.

  • Randell A.D., Cronin J.B., Keogh J.W., Gill N.D., & Pedersen M.C. (2011). Reliability of performance velocity for jump squats under feedback and non-feedback conditions.  Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research. 25(12), 3514-3518.

  • Argus C.K., Gill N.D., Keogh J.W., & Hopkins W.G. (2011). Acute effects of verbal feedback on upper-body performance in elite athletes.  Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research. 25(12), 3282-3287.

  • Crewther B.T., McGuigan M.R., Gill N.D. (2011). The ratio and allometric scaling of speed, power, and strength in elite male rugby union players.  Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research. 25(7), 1968-1975.

  • Argus C.K., Gill N.D., Keogh J.W., & Hopkins W.G. (2011). Assessing lower-body peak power in elite rugby-union players. Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research. 25(6), 1616-1621.

  • Randell A.D., Cronin J.B., Keogh J.W., Gill N.D., & Pedersen M.C. (2011). Effect of instantaneous performance feedback during 6 weeks of velocity-based resistance training on sport-specific performance tests.  Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research. 25(1), 87-93.

  • Vaile, J., O’Hagan, C.O., Stefanovic, B., Walker, M., Gill, N., & Askew, C.D. (2011). Effect of cold water immersion on repeated cycling performance and limb blood flow. British Journal of Sports Medicine. 45(10), 825-829.

  • Taylor, K., Cronin, J., Gill, N., Chapman, D., and Sheppard, J. (2011). Warm-Up affects diurnal variation in power output. International Journal of Sports Medicine, 32(3), 185-189.

  • Crewther, B.T., McGuigan, M. & Gill, N. (2011). The ratio and allometric scaling of speed, power and strength in elite male rugby union players.  Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research.  25(7), 1968-1975.

  • Crewther, B.T., Cook, C.J., Lowe, T.E, Weatherby, R.P. & Gill, N. (2011). The effects of short cycle sprints on power, strength and salivary hormones in elite rugby players.  Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research.  28(10), 32-39.

  • Randell, A.D., Cronin, J.B., Keogh, J.K., and Gill, N.D. (2010). Optimizing within session training emphasis. Strength and Conditioning Journal. 32(2), 73-80.

  • Randell, A.D., Cronin, J.B., Keogh, J.W., and Gill, N.D. (2010). Transference of strength and power adaptation to sports performance – horizontal and vertical force production. Strength and Conditioning Journal. 32(4), 100-106.

  • Taylor, K., Cronin, J., Gill, N., Chapman, D., and Sheppard, J. (2010). Sources of variability in iso-inertial jump assessments. International Journal of Sports Physiology and Performance. 5(4), 546-558.

  • Argus, C.K., Gill, N., Keogh, J., Hopkins, W.G., & Beaven, C.M. (2010). Effects of a short-term pre-season training programme on the body composition and anaerobic performance of professional rugby union players. Journal of Sports Sciences. 28(6), 679-686.

  • Beaven, C.M, Ingram, J.R. & Gill, N.D. & Hopkins, W.G. (2010). Ultradian rhythmicity and induced changes in salivary testosterone.  European Journal of Applied Physiology. 110(2), 405-413.

  • Crewther, B.T., Gill, N., Weatherby, R.P. & Lowe, T. (2009). A comparison of ratio and allometric scaling methods for normalizing power and strength in elite rugby union players.  Journal of Sports Sciences.  27(14), 1575-1580.

  • Crewther, B.T., Lowe, T., Weatherby, R.P., Gill, N. & Keogh, J. (2009). Neuromuscular performance of elite rugby union players and relationships with salivary hormones.  Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research.  Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research. 23(7), 2046-2053. 

  • Crewther, B.T., Lowe., T, Weatherby, R.P. & Gill, N. (2009). Prior sprint cycling did not enhance training adaptation, but resting salivary hormones were related to workout power and strength. European Journal of Applied Physiology. 105(6), 919-927

  • Argus, C.K., Gill, N.D., Keogh, J.W.L., Hopkins, W.G., & Beaven, C.M. (2009). Changes in strength, power and steroid hormones during a professional rugby union competition. Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research. 23(5), 1583-1592.

  • Duffield, R., Edge, Y., Merrells, R., Hawke, E., Barnes, M., Simcock, D., & Gill, N. (2008). Can compression garments improve exercise performance and recovery on consecutive days for team-sports?  International Journal of Sports Physiology and Performance. 3, 454-468.

  • Vaile, J., Gill, N.D., Dawson, B., and Halson, S.  (2008). Effect of hydrotherapy on the recovery from fatigue.  International Journal of Sports Medicine.  29, 539-544.

  • Beaven, C. M., Gill, N., and Cook, C. (2008).  Salivary testosterone and cortisol responses in professional rugby players after four resistance exercise protocols.  Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research. 22(2), 426-432.

  • Beaven, C.M., Cook, C. and Gill, N. (2008).  Significant strength gains observed in rugby players following specific RE protocols based on individual salivary testosterone responses.   Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research. 22(2), 419-425.

  • Smart, D., Gill, N., Beaven, C.M., Cook, C., and Blazevich, A. (2008). The relationship between changes in interstitial creatine kinase and game-related impacts in rugby union. British Journal of Sports Medicine. 42, 198-201.

  • Vaile, J., & Gill, N.  (2008). Hydrotherapy Based Recovery: Latest Research and Practice. Modem Athlete and Coach. 45(4), 13-16.

  • Vaile, J., Halson, S., Gill, N.D., & Dawson, B. (2008).  Effect of cold water immersion on repeat cycling performance and thermoregulation in the heat. Journal of Sport Sciences.   26(5), 431-440.

  • Vaile, J., Halson, S., Gill, N.D., & Dawson, B. (2008). Effect of hydrotherapy on the signs and symptoms of delayed onset muscle soreness.  European Journal of Applied Physiology. 102(4), 447-455.


Book Chapters

1.    Gill, N., & Beaven, M. Physiology of Risk. In Berkshire Encyclopedia of Extreme Sports. D. Booth and H. Thorp, ed. Berkshire Publishing Group, Great Barrington, MA, 2007, pp. 236-240.

Papers in Refereed Conference Proceedings

1.    Gill, N., McMaster, D., Smart, D., Cronin, J. and McGuigan, M.  (2013). Monitoring neuromuscular fatigue and recovery in semi-professional rugby union players.  National Strength and Conditioning Association National Conference.  Las Vegas, USA, 10-13 July, 2013.

2.    Taylor, K., Cronin, J., Newton, M., Gill, N.D., Chapman, D.W. (2010). Validation of a practical test for measuring neuromuscular fatigue in athletes. 15th Annual ECSS Congress, Antalya.

3.    Randell, A. D., Cronin, J. B., Keogh, J. W., Gill, N., and Pedersen M.  (2009). Effect of instantaneous feedback during performance of jump squats. Poster presentation at the New Zealand Sports Medicine and Science Conference, Rotorua.

4.    Randell, A. D., Cronin, J. B., Keogh, J. W., Gill, N., and Pedersen M.  (2010). Effect of performance feedback during 6 weeks of velocity based squat jump training. Poster presentation at the International Society of Biomechanics in Sports Conference, Marquette, Michigan, USA.

5.    Randell, A. D., Cronin, J. B., Keogh, J. W., Gill, N., and Pedersen M.  (2010). Effect of instantaneous performance feedback on velocity based squat jump training. Poster presentation at the Sports Performance Research Institute New Zealand Strength and Conditioning Conference, Auckland.

6.    Randell, A.D., Cronin, J.B., Keogh, J.W., Gill, N., and Pedersen M. (2010). Effect of performance feedback during 6 weeks of velocity based squat jump training. Poster presentation at the International Society of Biomechanics in Sports Conference, Marquette, Michigan, USA.

7.    Argus, C.K., Gill, N., Keogh, J.W.L., Blazevich, A.J., & Hopkins, W.G. (2009). Kinetic, kinematic and training comparisons between assisted, resisted and bodyweight countermovement jumps. Australia Strength and Conditioning Association Annual Conference, Gold Coast. November, 2009.

8.    Randell, A.D., Cronin, J.B., Keogh, J.W., Gill, N., and Pedersen M.  (2009). Effect of instantaneous feedback during performance of jump squats. New Zealand Sports Medicine and Science Conference, Rotorua, New Zealand.

9.    Beaven, C.M., Gill, N.D., Argus, C.K., Ingram, J.R. & Hopkins, W.G. (2009). Acute salivary hormone responses to complex exercise bouts. Australia Strength and Conditioning Association Annual Conference, Gold Coast. November.

10.    Crewther, B.T., Weatherby, R.P., Lowe, T. & Gill, N. (2008). The effect of hormonal priming using supramaximal exercise on a power and strength workout in elite athletes.  3rd Football Conference, Melbourne, Australia, 23-25 October, pg 9.

11.    Crewther, B.T., Weatherby, R.P., Lowe, T. & Gill, N. (2008). The training effect of hormonal priming using supramaximal exercise on power and strength adaptation in elite athletes.  3rd Football Conference, Melbourne, Australia, 23-25 October, pg 9.

12.    Crewther, B,T., Weatherby, R.P., Lowe, T. & Gill, N. (2008).  Can testosterone and cortisol priming with supramaximal exercise modify the neuromuscular performance of elite rugby players? The National Conference  for the National Strength and Conditioning Association, Las Vegas, USA, 9-12 July, pg 238.

13.    Crewther, B.T., Weatherby, R.P., Lowe, T. & Gill, N. (2008). A comparison of methods to normalize the power and strength of elite rugby players.  The National Conference for the National Strength and Conditioning Association, Las Vegas, USA, 9-12 July, pg 251.

14.    Askew, C., Vaile, J., Stefanovic, B., O’Hagen, C., Walker, M. & Gill, N. (2008). Effect of cold water immersion on recovery and limb blood flow following high-intensity cycling.  Sports Medicine Australia Annual Conference.

15.    Vaile, J.*, Halson, S., Gill. N., Dawson, B. (2008). Effect of hydrotherapy on the recovery of exercise-induced fatigue and performance. American College of Sports Medicine 55th Annual Meeting. May 28-31, 2008 Indianapolic, Indiana, United States of America.

Awards

  • 2007 Waikato Institute of Technology - Meritorious Research Award

  • 2005 Waikato Institute of Technology - Meritorious Research Award

  • 2005 Sport Science New Zealand Conference - Award for Best Poster

  • 2002 Sport Science New Zealand Conference  - Award for Best Poster

  • 2001 Sport Science New Zealand Conference  - Award for Best Poster